Q Fever in Dogs: An Emerging Infectious Disease in Iran

  • Mahdieh Rezaei Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
  • Mohammad Khalili Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran.
  • Baharak Akhtardanesh Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
  • Shima Shahheidaripour Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran.
Keywords:
Q fever, Zoonosis, Dog, Nested Trans-PCR, Iran

Abstract

Background: Q fever is an important widespread reemerging zoonosis. The presence of Coxiella burnetii in 100 tick-infested dogs was assessed in this study.Methods: The blood samples from 100 referred dogs were acquired and evaluated by nested-PCR.Results: C. burnetii was detected in 11 out of 100 (11%) blood samples. Most of the positive dogs were kept outdoor and fed on raw diet. Based on our findings, Q fever should be considered as an emerging disease in dogs in Iran; so, zoonotic importance of this population must be notified. To better understanding the role and pathogenic importance of dogs in Q fever outbreak and to determine whether this organism can be transmitted directly from dogs to human further in-depth studies are necessary.Conclusion: It is determined that C. burnetii is present in dogs in southeast of Iran and people who are in contact with this population, especially asymptomatic ones are at increased risk of infection.

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Published
2016-12-31
How to Cite
1.
Rezaei M, Khalili M, Akhtardanesh B, Shahheidaripour S. Q Fever in Dogs: An Emerging Infectious Disease in Iran. J Med Bacteriol. 5(1-2):1-6.
Section
Original Articles