Original Articles

Investigating Colonization of Staphylococcus aureus among Patients Admitted to the Infectious Diseases Ward of Imam Hospital in Mashhad


Introduction: Staphylococcus aureus colonization has been recognized as one of the most important risk factors for subsequent infections with this microorganism. In this study, we intended to identify all patients who were MRSA-positive upon admission and compare the prevalence of MRSAcolonization on different days of study admitted in Imam Reza hospital in Mashhad, Iran.Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on 600 admitted patients in Infectious disease ward. Samples of patients were drawn from patients’ nares (and if they were culture negative, re-cultures were done on days 3, 7 and finally on discharge time. After identification of the isolates, theirsusceptibility to methicillin was evaluated. Before we collect nasal swabs, patients filled out a survey questionnaire.Results: S. aureus colonization early after hospitalization in infectious ward was observed in 39.8% (n=239) of patients, of which 59% (n=141) were resistant to methicillin. On the third day of admission, S. aureus new colonization rate was 15.8% (n=57), of which 87.7% (n=50) were methicillin resistant. On the seventh day, S. aureus were found in 13% (n=32) patients with 90.6% (n=29) were methicillin-resistant. Upon discharge, 8.2% (n=13) patients were S. aureus positive and 92.3% (n=12) were resistant to methicillin.Conclusion: Most of the carriers had the methicillin resistant strains of bacteria at the time of admission, and the number of colonized patients with resistant bacteria increased in time. The most common risk factors in methicillin-resistant S. aureus carriers were taking antibiotic, history of priorhospitalization and being an intravenous (IV) drug abuser.

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IssueVol 3 No 3-4 (2014) QRcode
SectionOriginal Articles
Staphylococcus aureus Colonization Carrier Methicillin resistance

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How to Cite
Naderi-Nasab M, Heydari AA, Booryazadeh V, Zarifian A, Meshkat Z, Afzalaghaei M. Investigating Colonization of Staphylococcus aureus among Patients Admitted to the Infectious Diseases Ward of Imam Hospital in Mashhad. J Med Bacteriol. 2015;3(3-4):32-39.